Unité mixte de recherche 7235

Does the Appeals Process Lower the Occurrence of Legal Errors?

Bertrand Chopard, Edwige Marion, Ludivine Roussey

[en]This paper challenges the commonly held idea that the appeals process lowers the occurrence of legal errors. We show that, even if incorporating the right to bring an appeal in criminal adjudication directly offers the opportunity to correct mistakes made at trial, the …final impact on the appeals process on the accuracy of judicial decisions is ambiguous because of its effect through trial court decision-makers’ effort and crime deterrence. We find out that according to (i) whether trial court decision-makers are rather reputation-concerned or socially-motivated, (ii) the distribution of the population of potential offenders and (iii) the marginal effect of decision-makers’ effort on the probability of wrongful conviction compared wrongful acquittal, implementing an appeals process may spur decision-makers to reduce their effort and thus be detrimental to the accuracy of legal decisions. We show that this result is true whether an appeal can be brought both after an acquittal or a conviction at trial, or the right to bring an appeal is limited by double jeopardy.[/en]

AGENDA

lundi 5 décembre 2022

Law, Institutions and Economics in Nanterre (LIEN)

Vincent Lefrère (Institut Mines Telecom)

En salle 614 et en distanciel

Privacy, Data and Competition: The Case of Apps For Young Children

mardi 6 décembre 2022

Recherche et Economie et Socioéconomie Politique, des Institutions et des Régulations (RESPIR)

Eric Monnet (EHESS et PSE)

Le rôle d’amortisseur des banques centrales – une perspective historique

jeudi 8 décembre 2022

Lunch

Georges Prat

12h - 13h, salle 110

Modeling ex-ante risk premiums in the oil market

lundi 12 décembre 2022

Law, Institutions and Economics in Nanterre (LIEN)

Clément Brébion (Copenhagen BS)

En salle 614 et en distanciel

Unemployment Insurance Eligibility and Employment Duration

mardi 13 décembre 2022

Développement Durable Environnement et Energie (DDEE)

Nicolas Astier (Paris School of Economics)

16h-17h

Riding together: eliciting travelers’ preferences for long-distance carpooling

mercredi 14 décembre 2022

Économies du monde musulman

Mohamed Touati Tliba (École Supérieure de Commerce, Alger)

The scientific wealth of nations with special reference to MENA region: a cross-country productivity analysis of academic research

jeudi 15 décembre 2022

Doctorants

Pablo Aguilar Perez

TBA

jeudi 15 décembre 2022

Groupe de travail « Intelligence artificielle »

Matthieu Lapaty (UPMC)

TBA

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