Unité mixte de recherche 7235

Mind the employment gap: an impact evaluation of the Czech “multi-speed” parental benefit reform

Alzbeta Mangarella

[en]Parental leave is a key policy tool for addressing work-life reconciliation issues inherent to parenthood, including maternal employment and its continuity. The 2004 Czech accession to the EU shed light on the scope of the employment gap between women with and without children at pre-school age, highest among all the OECD countries (41 pp). This is due to very long universal paid parental leave: 4 years per child. In order to tackle this gap and to conform to the EU trend, a major reform was designed in 2008, and this paper investigates its effects on mothers’ participation and employment. I use the Labour Force Survey to assess the effect of this reform on maternal employment and activity levels, thanks to a difference-in-differences identification strategy. The reform provided an extensive change in financial incentives in favour of shorter leaves, and I show that effects on return-to-work timing are large and significant. However, if mothers do respond to the incentive by advancing the timing of the return to work by one year, the eligibility restrictions as well as the public childcare shortage narrow – de facto – the scope of the effect, which merely compensates for the massive opposite trend induced in the 1990s.[/en]

AGENDA

jeudi 19 mai 2022

Lunch

Christophe Blot

Are all central bank asset purchases the same?

lundi 23 mai 2022

Law, Institutions and Economics in Nanterre (LIEN)

Clara Jean (Grenoble Ecole de Management)

The Value of Your Data: Privacy and Personal Data Exchange Networks

lundi 30 mai 2022

Law, Institutions and Economics in Nanterre (LIEN)

Antoine Dubus (ETH Zurich)

Salle G110

Data Driven Mergers and Acquisitions with Information Synergies

mardi 31 mai 2022

Series of Webinars on Economics of Environment, Energy and Transport (SWEEET)

Juan Pablo Montero (PUC)

TBA

jeudi 9 juin 2022

Lunch

Rémi Generoso

TBA

jeudi 9 juin 2022

Groupe de travail « Intelligence artificielle »

Hugo Le Picard (IFRI)

Salle G614B

Le deep learning au service de l’analyse des énergies renouvelables en Afrique

mardi 14 juin 2022

Series of Webinars on Economics of Environment, Energy and Transport (SWEEET)

Andrew Plantiga (UCSB)

TBA

mercredi 15 juin 2022

Économies du monde musulman

Amel Bouzid (CREAD, Alger)

Natural and Regulatory Underlying Factors of Food Dependency in Algeria

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