This paper analyzes the constitutional change in Africa by focusing on the current phenomenon of the change in the presidential term limits. The analysis covers the period 1990 – 2010 for a set of 32 countries. Two cases are analyzed: the attempt to change and success. The results obtained with the logit models show that individual factors related to the personality of the President, the quality of the political system, socio-cultural and economics factors are the main factors explaining the will of amending Article and success. The article also shows that in some parts of Africa, the legal origin is an obstacle to constitutional change. Finally, when the opposition is not polarized, it is an obstacle to change, while it serves the interests of the dominant political group wishing to change when it is weak and highly fragmented.
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