Joint research unit 7235

On the Ambiguous Effects of Repression

Eric Langlais

The purpose of this note is to investigate the optimal enforcement of the penal code when criminals invest in a specific class of avoidance activities termed dissembling activities (i.e. self-protection efforts undertaken by criminals to hedge their illegal gains in case of detection and arrestation). We show that the penal law may have two different screening effects: it may separate the population of potential criminals between those who commit the crime and those who do not, and in the former group, between those who undertake dissembling efforts and those who do not. Then, we show that it is never optimal to use less than the maximal fine in contrast to what may occur with avoidance detection (i.e. efforts undertaken in order to reduce the probability of arrestation: MALIK [1990]); and furthermore, that the optimal penal code may imply overdeterrence. Finally, we show that any reform of the penal code has ambiguous effects when criminals undertake dissembling activities which are a by-product of illegal activities, since increasing the maximum possible fine may increase or decrease the number of crimes committed and may increase or decrease the proportion of illegal gains hedged by criminals.

AGENDA

Tuesday 31 January 2023

Recherche et Economie et Socioéconomie Politique, des Institutions et des Régulations (RESPIR)

Nathalie Heinich (EHESS)

ANNULÉ ET REPORTÉ À UNE DATE ULTÉRIEURE

Valeur et mesure: aux limites de l’approche économique

Tuesday 31 January 2023

Valeur et mesure: aux limites de l’approche économique

Nathalie Heinich (EHESS)

ANNULÉ ET REPORTÉ À UNE DATE ULTÉRIEURE

Valeur et mesure: aux limites de l’approche économique

Tuesday 31 January 2023

Series of Webinars on Economics of Environment, Energy and Transport (SWEEET)

Aurelien Saussay(OFCE, Sciences Po, Paris), Misato Sato, (London School of Economics and Political Science) Francesco Vona (University of Milan) Layla O’Kane(Lightcast)

En visio

Who’s fit for the low-carbon transition? Emerging skills and wage gaps in job ad data

Tuesday 31 January 2023

Who’s fit for the low-carbon transition? Emerging skills and wage gaps in job ad data

Aurelien Saussay(OFCE, Sciences Po, Paris), Misato Sato, (London School of Economics and Political Science) Francesco Vona (University of Milan) Layla O’Kane(Lightcast)

En visio

Who’s fit for the low-carbon transition? Emerging skills and wage gaps in job ad data

Thursday 2 February 2023

Nouveaux doctorants

Nabil Daher, Michaël Guilloussou, Daniela Lima Rente, Maryam Soltani

Nouveaux doctorants

Thursday 2 February 2023

Lunch

Nabil Daher, Michaël Guilloussou, Daniela Lima Rente, Maryam Soltani

Nouveaux doctorants

Thursday 2 February 2023

Groupe de travail Economie Comportementale

Carole Treibich (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée de Grenoble GAEL)

Salle 101

Disentangling peer effects in transportation mode choice: the example of active commuting

Thursday 2 February 2023

Disentangling peer effects in transportation mode choice: the example of active commuting

Carole Treibich (Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée de Grenoble GAEL)

Salle 101

Disentangling peer effects in transportation mode choice: the example of active commuting

Inscription aux Newsletters

Newsletter subscription