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Philippe Fontaine

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École normale supérieure de Paris-Saclay

 

 

Degrees

Agrégation de l’enseignement supérieur, 1994.

Habilitation, University of Paris 1, 1993.

Ph.D. Economics, University of Paris 1, 1989.

 

Employment

Professor of Economics, École normale supérieure de Cachan, since 1997.

Research Associate, Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, since 2005.

Ludwig Lachmann Research Fellow, Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, London School of Economics, Oct. 2003 – June 2005.

Visiting Scholar, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Jul. – Dec. 1995 and Jul. – Dec. 1996.

Professor of Economics, Univ. des Antilles et de la Guyane, 1994–97.

Associate Professor, École normale supérieure de Cachan, 1992–94.

Postdoctoral Fellow in Economics, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Sept. 1990 – Aug. 1992.

Lecturer, Univ. de Paris 13, 1985–90.

 

Publications and Working Papers

 

Books

A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences (with R. Backhouse), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, 248 p.

The History of the Social Sciences since 1945 (with R. Backhouse), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 256 p.

The Unsocial Social Science? Economics and Neighboring Disciplines since 1945 (with R. Backhouse), Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2010, 384 p.

The Experiment in the History of Economics (with R. Leonard), London: Routledge, 2005, 158 p.

Historical Perspectives on Macroeconomics: 60 Years after the General Theory (with A. Jolink), London: Routledge, 1998, 152 p.

 

Articles in refereed journals

Walking the Tightrope: The Committee on the Behavioral Sciences and Academic Cultures at the University of Chicago, 1949–1955, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 2016, 52.4:349–370.

Other Histories of Recent Economics: A Survey, History of Political Economy, 2016, 48.3:373–421.

Introduction: The Social Sciences in a Cross-disciplinary Age, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 2015, 51.1:1–9.

Free Riding, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2014, 36.3:359–76.

Beyond Altruism? Economics and the Minimization of Unselfish Behavior, 1976-1993, History of Political Economy, 2012, 44.2:195–234.

Introduction: History of Economics as History of Social Science (with R. Backhouse), History of Political Economy, 2010, 42:1–21.

Conclusions: The Identity of Economics—Image and Reality, History of Political Economy, 2010, 42:343–51.

Stabilizing American Society: Kenneth Boulding and the Integration of Social Science, 1943-1980, Science in Context, 2010, 23.2:221–65.

The Homeless Observer: John Harsanyi on Interpersonal Utility Comparisons and Bargaining, 1950-1964, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2010, 32.2:145–73.

The Political Element in Economic Thought: A Minisymposium (with A. Marciano), History of Political Economy, 2007, 39.4:567–70.

Harsanyi Before Economics: An Introduction, Economics and Philosophy, 2007, 23.3:343–8.

From Philanthropy to Altruism: Incorporating Unselfish Behavior into Economics, 1961-1975, History of Political Economy, 2007, 39.1:1–46.

The Intellectuals and Capitalism, British Journal of Sociology, 2006, 57.3:189–94.

Richard Titmuss on Social Cohesion: A Comment, European Journal of Political Economy, 2004, 20.3:795–97.

Blood, Politics and Social Science: Richard Titmuss and the Institute of Economic Affairs, 1957-1973, Isis, 2002, 93.3:401-34.

The Changing Place of Empathy in Welfare Economics, History of Political Economy, 2001, 33.3:387–409.

Making Use of the Past: Theorists and Historians on the Economics of Altruism, European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2000, 7.3:407–422.

Altruism between Homo Economicus and Homo Ethicus, Journal of Economic Methodology, 1999, 6.2:297–303.

Classical Political Economy between Two Fires: Jean-Baptiste Say and Frank Knight on the Enterprise Economy, History of Political Economy, 1999, 31.1:1–28.

The Metaphoric Entrepreneur: A Comment on Cosgel, History of Political Economy, 1998, 30.2 :277–283.

Menger, Jevons and Walras Un-homogenized, De-homogenized and Homogenized: A Comment on Peart, American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 1998, 57.3:333–339.

History of Ideas and Modern Economic Theory: Some Lessons of Higgling,History of Economics Review, 1997, 26:150–54.

Identification and Economic Behavior: Sympathy and Empathy in Historical Perspective, Economics and Philosophy, 1997, 13.2:261–280.

Turgot’s “Institutional Individualism”, History of Political Economy, 1997, 29.1:1–20.

The French Economists and Politics, 1750-1850: The Science and Art of Political Economy, Canadian Journal of Economics, 1996, 29.2:379–93.

The Self-Interest Model in the Eighteenth Century, Research in the History of Economic Thougt and Methodology, 1996, 14:141–158.

 Stock” et “capital” dans An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations: Traduire pour comprendre, L’Actualité économique : Revue d’analyse économique, 1995, 71.4:498–506.

Il modello dell’interesse personale nel XVIII secolo, Rassegna economica, 1994, 58.1:5–28.

L’“opportunisme” au siècle des Lumières, Dix-huitième siècle, 1994, 26:89–101.

La gestion d’entreprise dans la pensée économique française aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles (with Luc Marco), Revue d’économie politique, 1993, 103.4:579–98.

Comment on David Colander’s “The Lost Art of Economics”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 1993, 7.3:209–211.

The Capitalist Entrepreneur in Eighteenth-Century Economic Literature, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 1993, 15.1:72–89.

The Concept of Industrie from the Physiocrats to J.-B. Say, Contributions to Political Economy, 1993, 12:89–97.

La théorie de l’entrepreneur de Turgot : Commentaire, L’Actualité économique: Revue d’analyse économique, 1992, 68.3:515-523.

Le concept d’industrie au XVIIIe siècle : À la recherche d’une acception oubliée, Économies et sociétés, série Œconomia, 1992, 16.3:7-33.

« Classes laborieuses » et « classe disponible » chez Turgot : Essai de généalogie des comportements économiques, Économies et sociétés, série Œconomia, 1991, 15.5 :93-116.

 

 

Chapters and introductions in collections of essays and dictionaries

Introduction (with R. Backhouse) to A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences, edited by R. Backhouse and Ph. Fontaine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, 1–28.

Contested Identities: The History of Economics since 1945 (with R. Backhouse) in A Historiography of the Modern Social Sciences, edited by R. Backhouse and Ph. Fontaine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, 183–210.

Towards a History of the Social Sciences (avec R. Backhouse) in The History of the Social Sciences since 1945, edited by R. Backhouse and Ph. Fontaine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 184–233.

Introduction (with R. Backhouse) to The History of the Social Sciences since 1945, edited by R. Backhouse and Ph. Fontaine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 1–15.

Altruism, History of the Concept, in The New Palgrave Dictionary, sec. ed., edited by S. Durlauf and L. Blume. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, vol. 1, 123–34.

Titmuss, Richard Morris (1907-1973), in The New Palgrave Dictionary, sec. ed., edited by S. Durlauf and L. Blume. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, vol. 8, 309–310.

History of Macroeconomics and the Breakdown of the Consensus (with A. Jolink), in Historical Perspectives on Macroeconomics, edited by Ph. Fontaine et A. Jolink, London: Routledge, 1998, 1–13.

Social Progress and Economic Behaviour in Turgot, in Perspectives on the History of Economic Thought, vol. 7, edited by T. Lowry, Aldershot: Elgar, 1992, 76–93

 

 

Working documents

Natural Science Meets Social Science: Bridging Gaps at the Mental Health Research Institute, 1955–1968, Nov. 2011.

The Visual Imagination: Kenneth E. Boulding on the Production and Diffusion of Economic Knowledge, Feb. 1941–1962

To help or not to help: Incorporating unselfish behavior into social psychology, 1968-1987, Sept. 2008.

 

Book reviews

Dana Simmons. Vital Minimum: Needs, Science & Politics in Modern France. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (à paraître).

Jamie Cohen-Cole. The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature. Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2016, vol. 38, n°1, p. 113–6.

Mark Solovey and Hamilton Cravens. Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature. Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2013, vol. 35, n°1, p. 115–9.

Marion Fourcade. Economists and Societies: Discipline and the Profession in the United States, Britain and France, 1890s to 1990s. Constitutional Political Economy, 2010, 21.2:202–205.

Luigino Bruni. Civil Happiness: Economics and Human Flourishing in Historical Perspective, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 2008, 30.3:410–413.

Philippe Steiner. L’école durkheimienne et l’économie: Sociologie, religion et connaissance, Isis, 2007, 98.2:418–20.

Sonja M. Amadae. Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism, Isis, 2004, 95.3:524–5.

Robert E. Goodin and Deborah Mitchell (eds). The Foundations of the Welfare State, 3 vol., Economic Journal, 2001, e-publication.

Horst Brezinski and Michael Fritsch (eds). The Emergence and Evolution of Markets, Economic Journal, 1998, 108.451:1949–50.

Daniel M. Hausman and Michael S. McPherson. Economic Analysis and Moral Philosophy, European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 1997, 4.3:525–9.

Lars Magnusson. Evolutionary and Neo-Schumpeterian Approaches to Economics, European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 1995, 2.2:466–70.

Yves Breton et Michel Lutfalla (eds), L’économie politique en France au XIXe siècle, Southern Economic Journal, 1993, 59.3:542–3.

Richard Swedberg, Economics and Sociology — Redefining their Boundaries: Conversations with Economists and Sociologists, Revue d’économie politique, 1993, 103.2:307–13.

Jean-Pierre Potier. Piero Sraffa - Unorthodox Economist (1898-1983): A Biographical Essay, Southern Economic Journal, 1993, 60.1:254–5.

Gilbert Faccarello et Philippe Steiner (eds), La pensée économique pendant la Révolution française, Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 1993, 15.1:150–3.

William J. Adams. Restructuring the French Economy: Government and the Rise of Market Competition since World War II, Small Business Economics: An International Journal, 1992, 4.2:174–7.

William J. Barber (ed.), Perspectives on the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5: Themes in Pre-Classical, Classical and Marxian Economics; vol. 6: Themes in Keynesian Criticism and Supplementary Modern Topics, Southern Economic Journal, 1992, 59.1:120–122.

 

Honors and Awards

Honorary Senior Fellow, Institut universitaire de France.

Senior Fellow, Institut universitaire de France, 2008–2013.

Prix d’excellence en sciences sociales, Mattei Dogan Foundation/CNRS, 2008.

Best Article Award of the Forum for the History of Human Science for “Blood, Politics, and Social Science: Richard Titmuss and the Institute of Economic Affairs, 1957-1973” (Published in Isis in 2002), 2005.

Best Article Award of the History of Economics Society for “Blood, Politics, and Social Science: Richard Titmuss and the Institute of Economic Affairs, 1957-1973,” 2003.

Fulbright Senior Researcher Fellowship, 2000.

 

Major Grants

Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR): “Cross-disciplinary research ventures in postwar American social science: Five case studies (Chicago, Columbia, Harvard, Michigan and MIT)”

Jan. 2011– mars 2015.

CNRS (European Scientific Coordination Network de recherche européen [GDRE] n°711) with London School of Economics, Duke University, University of Paris 10 and University of Cergy-Pontoise : “History of Recent Economics: Consolidation of a Research Area

Jan. 2010 – Dec. 2013.

CNRS (Projet international de Coopération scientifique [PICS] n°3758) : “History of Recent Economics: A Neglected Area”

Jan. 2007 – Dec. 2009.

Leverhulme Trust Research Grant (with Roger Backhouse as project leader): “Academic Collaboration - International Networks” (“History of postwar social science”)

Jan. 2007 – Dec. 2009.

Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR): “The self-interest model and seemingly unselfish behavior in postwar social science”

Jan. 2007 – Dec. 2009.

 

Research Fellowships

Mark C. Stevens Researcher Fellowship, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, June 2011.

Subvention 11th European Conference on the History of Economics, University of Paris 10, 20–21 Oct. 2006, Sept. 2006 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Aide au congrès scientifiques internationaux en France, 3d “History of Economics as History of Science Workshop,” École normale supérieure de Cachan, June 2005 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Mark C. Stevens Researcher Fellowship, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, April 2004.

Ludwig Lachmann Research Fellowship, Department of Philosophy, Logic, and Scientific Method, London School of Economics and Political Science,  Oct. 2003–June 2005 (supported by the Charlottenberg Trust).

Aide au congrès scientifiques internationaux à l’étranger, “The Exiled Observer: John Harsanyi on Interpersonal Utility Comparisons and Bargaining,” History of Economics Society Meetings, Duke University, July 2003 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Allocation de recherche pour une recherche sur les dimensions politiques de la théorisation économique, 1850-1980. Actions intégrées luso-françaises. Conférence des Présidents d’Université, Oct. 2002 – May 2003.

Aide au congrès internationaux à l’étranger pour la présentation de “Moving is Acting: Kenneth Boulding and the Visual Integration of Social Science, 1956-1993,” 7th European Conference on the History of Economics, University of Québec at Montréal, March 2002 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Aide au congrès internationaux à l’étranger, “Incorporating Nonselfishness into Economics, 1961-1974,” 27th History of Economics Society Meetings, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, June 2000 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Subvention pour l’organisation du 5th European Conference on the History of Economics, ENS Cachan, April 1999 (supported by the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Technology).

Lavoisier Research Fellowship, Postdoctoral research at the Departement of Economics, Harvard University, Sept. 1990–Aug. 1992 (supported by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs)


Professional service

Elected Member to Executive Committee of the History of Economics Society, 2008–2011.

Head of Department of Economics and Management, ENS Cachan, Feb. 2002 – Jul. 2004.

University committte

Examination entrance to ENS Cachan, Economics and Management.

Fulbright Final Selection Committee, Franco-American Commission for Educational Exchange, 2003, 2012 and 2014.

Fulbright Final Preselection Committee, Franco-American Commission for Educational Exchange, since 2003.

Advisory committees on appointments

Chair, “Law, Economics and Management,” ENS de Cachan, 2004–2007.

            Elected ordinary member, “Law, Economics and Management,” ENS de Cachan, 2004–2007.

CNRS research center

Member to Directorate of UMR CNRS 7166, Univ. of Paris 10, Jan. – Dec. 2006.

Member to Scientific council of UMR CNRS 7166, Univ. of Paris 10, Jan.–Dec. 2006.

 

Other Professional service

 

Associate editor

Revue de philosophie économique (2007–2012)

 

Member to editorial board

The Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science (since 2016)
History of Political Economy (since 2007)

Journal of the History of Economic Thought (2006–2013)

Management et sciences sociales (2006–2011)

 

Referee (journals)

American Journal of Economics and Sociology

Annals of Science

Cahiers d’économie politique

Economics and Philosophy

Économies et Sociétés, série Œconomia

European Journal of the History of Economic Thought

History of Political Economy

Journal of Classical Sociology

Journal of Economic Surveys

Journal of Health Economics

Journal of the History of Economic Thought

NeuroPsychoEconomics - Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics

Nineteenth-Century Contexts

Recherches économiques de Louvain

Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology

Review of Political Economy

Review of Social Economy

Revue d’économie politique

Revue économique

Revue française d’économie

Revue d’histoire des sciences humaines

Revue de philosophie économique

Science in Context

Social Epistemology

Social Science History

Theory and Decision

 

Referee (publishing houses)

Berghahn Books

Cambridge University Press

Éditions du CNRS

Oxford University Press

Palgrave Macmillan

Pickering & Chatto Publishers

Routledge

 

Expertise (funding agencies)

Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR)

Commission franco-américaine

 

Member to Joseph J. Spengler Best Book Award Committee, History of Economics Society, 2008.

 

Member to organizing committees

 

For 13 years, with three colleagues, I organized 12 editions of the European Conference on the History of Economics:

University of Siena, Oct. 2007

Université de Nanterre, Oct. 2006

University of Vienna, Apr. 2005

Université de Reims, Mar. 2004

Technical University of Lisbon, May 2003

University of Québec at Montréal, Mar. 2002

Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Pays-Bas, Apr. 2000

ENS Cachan, France, Apr. 1999

University of Antwerp, Apr. 1998

Panteion University, Apr. 1997

Technical University of Lisbon, Feb. 1996

Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Feb. 1995.

 

In 2007, with two colleagues, I launched the History of Recent Economics (http://www.hisreco.org/). I have organized the first and fourth edition and I was on the organizing committee until 2015.

 

University of Cergy-Pontoise, 29 May 2015
Université de Sienne, 23-24 May 2014.

         University of Cergy-Pontoise, 24 May 2013

         University of Porto, 11–12 May 2012

         Duke University, 29–30 April 2011

         ENS Cachan, France, 3–5 June 2010.

         University of Antwerp, 11–13 June 2009

         Technical University of Lisbon, 5–7 June 2008.

Université de Nanterre, France, 21–23 juin 2007.

 

Finally, between 2007 and 2010, I was a member to the steering committee to Réseau Thématique Pluridisciplinaire (RTP) CNRS “Histoire économique.”

 

Conferences organized

 

In France

1st History of Recent Social Science Conference, ENS Cachan, 13-14 June 2014.

4th History of Recent Economics Conference (HISRECO), ENS Cachan, 3–5 June 2010.

1st conférence du Réseau Thématique Pluridisciplinaire CNRS “Histoire économique”, ENS Cachan, 28–29 March 2008.

1st Annual Conference on the History of Recent Economics (HISRECO), Univ. of Paris 10, 21–23 June 2007.

11th European Conference on the History of Economics (ECHE), “Economics and place,” Univ. of Paris 10, 19–21 Oct. 2006.

5th ECHE, “The experiment in the history of economics,” ENS Cachan, France, 22–24 April 1999.

 

Abroad

3d History of Recent Social Science Conference, London School of Economics and Political Science, 3-4 June 2016.

Cross-disciplinary Research Ventures in Postwar American Social Science

         9th workshop ANR), New York University, 31st Oct 2014.

Cross-disciplinary Research Ventures in Postwar American Social Science

         7th workshop ANR), New York University, 20 Nov. 2013.

History of Political Economy Annual Conference, “Economics an Other Social Sciences in the Postwar Era”, Duke University, 1-2 May 2009.

 

Workshops organized

 

In France

Since 2003, I have organized the workshop “History of Economics as History of Science,” The 14th edition will be held at ENS Cachan on 12 juin 2014.

 

Abroad

With Roger Backhouse, on 6 March 2009, I organized a workshop on economics and other social sciences sociales since 1945 at the London School of Economics.

 

Seminars organized

 

In France

Monthly Seminar “Histoires de l’économie,” ENS Cachan (2003–2008).

 

Abroad

History of Postwar Social Science Monthly Seminar, Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science (since Janv. 2006). (http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/CPNSS/events/HistoryofPostwarSocialScience.htm)

 

Habilitation Directed

Nicolas Guilhot, ENS Cachan, 1st Feb. 2013.

Loïc Charles, Univ. of Paris, 10 Oct. 2006.

 

Doctoral Theses Directed

Teresa Tomàs Rangil, La théorie du conflit dans les sciences sociales après 1945, Univ. of Paris 10, 21 May 2010.

Jean-Baptiste Fleury, L’extension de la science économique hors de ses frontières traditionnelles: Le cas américain (1949-1992), co-supervised by Jean–Pierre Potier, Univ. of Lyon 2, 14 May 2009.

Béatrice Cherrier, Valeurs et théorisation économie chez Gunnar Myrdal, Jacob Marschak et Milton Friedman, Univ. of Paris 10, 20 November 2008.

Clément Levallois, Économie et biologie aux États-Unis (1950-1982): L’ambivalence d’un lien, co-supervised with J.–P. Potier, Univ. of Lyon 2, 15 Feb. 2008.

Yann Giraud, L’Économie est-elle une discipline visuelle (1932-1969)?, Univ. of Paris 10, 12 December 2007.

 

Teaching

History of economics

History of postwar social science

 

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