Joint research unit 7235

Julie Tréguier

Research focus : Développement Durable, Environnement et Énergie

Sous la direction de :
Dominique Meurs
Anne Lavigne

Thesis subject: Réduction des inégalités de genre dans le système de retraite français

Personal website

 

Thesis: Pension systems, couples and gender inequalities in retirement

Surpervisors: Carole Bonnet, Anne Lavigne et Dominique Meurs

Abstract: This thesis seeks to contribute to our understanding of gender inequalities in retirement. Because of the gendered division of social roles within couples, women have less advantageous careers and hence unequal pension rights. Drawing from an empirical approach and the analysis of administrative data, this thesis investigates gender inequalities in retirement beyond the gender pension gap and assesses the role of conjugal pension rights (survivor benefits) in these inequalities.
The first introductory section describes the French situation with regard to survivor benefits. The second part focuses on retirement duration as a component of gender inequalities. Chapter 2 proposes a measure of retirement duration as a widow(er). Chapter 3 analyzes the differences in retirement decisions between women and men. Retirement duration is very heterogeneous among retirees. Low-income widows spend more years in widowhood. Moreover, women and men do not make the same retirement decisions because men are more sensitive to financial incentives. Finally, the third part of this thesis evaluates two reforms of conjugal pension rights. Chapter 4 focuses on a French reform aiming to maintain survivors’ monetary standard of living following their spouse’s death. Chapter 5 looks into a Dutch reform in order to investigate the consequences of the elimination of survivor benefits schemes on working-age widows’ labor supply. Survivor benefits do not currently maintain survivors’ standard of living for low-income widows, while they overcompensate it for the others. Eliminating this scheme would increase the working-age widows’ labor supply but would also increase the take-up of other social benefits.

Keywords: Pension systems, Gender pension gap, Survivor benefits, Widowhood, Labor supply, Policy evaluation.

 

Peer-reviewd publications:

– Tréguier, J. (2021). ‘Retirement: Do Women and Men Make the Same Decisions?’, Revue économique, 72, p.881–928.

– Bonnet, C., Bozio, A., Tô, M. & Tréguier, J. (2020). ‘Changes in survivors’ pensions: A initial approach to redistributive effects’, Retraite et Société, 83, pp.21–49.

– Duc, C., Martin, H. & Tréguier, J. (2016). ‘Pension reforms in France since 2010: Impacts on inter- and intra-generational inequalities’, Économie et prévision, 213, pp.85–120.

 

Other activities:

– Affiliated PH.D candidate at the Institute for Public Policies (IPP).
– French team member of International Social Security (ISS) project, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).
– 2021-2022: tutorials in applied econometrics, graduate (1st year), Ensai.
– 2021-2022: tutorials in statistics, undergraduate (2nd year), University of Paris.

AGENDA

Thursday 1 September 2022

Professeurs invités

Stéphane Méchoulan

Monday 12 September 2022

Law, Institutions and Economics in Nanterre (LIEN)

Stéphane Méchoulan (Dalhousie U)

En salle 614 et en distanciel

Revisiting the effects of abortion legalization

Monday 12 September 2022

Revisiting the effects of abortion legalization

Stéphane Méchoulan (Dalhousie U)

En salle 614 et en distanciel

Revisiting the effects of abortion legalization

Wednesday 14 September 2022

Colloques et Workshops

Roundtable on Gender-based violence in South Africa

Wednesday 14 September 2022

Colloques et Workshops

Roundtable on Gender-based violence in South Africa

Friday 16 September 2022

Colloques et Workshops

Tables rondes de macro-finance contemporaine

Friday 16 September 2022

Colloques et Workshops

Tables rondes de macro-finance contemporaine

Monday 19 September 2022

Colloques et Workshops

Valeur, valeurs

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