Photo Anouk Faure

Anouk Faure

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  • Tél. professionnel 0140977821
  • Bureau à Paris Nanterre (Bât. + num.) G313H
  • Research group

      Développement Durable, Environnement et Energie

2020-19 "Emissions Trading with Transaction Costs"

Marc Baudry, Anouk Faure, Simon Quemin

Show Download working paper (on EconPapers)

We develop an equilibrium model of emissions permit trading in the presence of fixed and proportional trading costs in which the permit price and firms’ participation in and extent of trading are endogenously determined. We analyze the sensitivity of the equilibrium to changes in the trading costs and firms’ allocations, and characterize situations where the trading costs alternatively depress or raise permit prices relative to frictionless market conditions. We calibrate our model to annual transaction and compliance data in Phase II of the EU ETS (2008-2012) which we consolidate at the firm level. We find that trading costs in the order of 10 k€ per annum plus 1€ per permit traded substantially reduce discrepancies between observations and theoretical predictions for firms’ behavior (e.g. autarkic compliance). Our simulations suggest that ignoring trading costs leads to an underestimation of the price impacts of supply-curbing policies, this difference varying with the incidence on firms.
D22, D23, H32, L22, Q52, Q58
Mot(s) clé(s)
Emissions trading, Transaction costs, Policy design and evaluation, EU ETS
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