Coauteur: Yann Lecorps (Université du Mans)
Résumé: We investigate whether the International Criminal Court (ICC), launched in 2002, effectively deters ruling leaders and criminal groups under its jurisdiction from engaging in egregious violence against civilians. We exploit killings data from a panel of 176 countries over the period 1989-2019 and estimate Interactive Fixed Effects models to control for the endogeneity of the ratification process. ICC jurisdiction has negative effects on violence committed by non-governmental forces in high-risk countries, previously characterized by civil violence and weak institutions. The evidence regarding violence by governments is more mixed, a pattern that is consistent with the institutional fragility of the Court.