Photo Eliane El Badaoui

Eliane El Badaoui

Maître de conférences
  • Email
  • Tél. professionnel 0140977825
  • Bureau à Paris Nanterre (Bât. + num.) G208A
  • Research group

      Droit, Institutions, Règlementation et Interactions Stratégiques

  • Theme(s)
    • Economie du développement
    • Microéconométrie appliquée
    • Economie du travail
    • Economie de la famille

2019-1 "Fostering, Child Welfare, and Ethnic Cultural Values"

Eliane El Badaoui, Lucia Mangiavacchi

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Abstract
This article examines the interdependence of the fostering status of children, their school attendance and their labour supply in host families in Niger. We appreciate the ethnic cultural heritage of fostering, a phenomenon assumed to be rooted in the long run and transmitted along generations. The focus is on the effects of fostering on children's outcomes. We specify a simultaneous equations model with three outcomes for children (school attendance, hours of market work and hours of domestic work) and a treatment variable (fostering). The results show that foster children are more likely to attend school and to have longer hours of domestic work than biological children. Importantly, we find evidence of a schooling fostering for boys and a domestic fostering for girls. All in all, ethnic inherited values and behaviours are found to have an important role in perpetuating fostering institution and on children's welfare.
Classification-JEL
J13; J22; O12; C34
Mot(s) clé(s)
Child fostering; Culture; Child labour; Domestic work; Schooling; Niger
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2015-22 "Tax Policies and Informality in South Africa"

Eliane El Badaoui, Riccardo Magnani

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Abstract
We use a micro-macro simulation model to evaluate the effects of labor income tax policies in South Africa. The country is characterized by a high unemployment rate while employment in the informal sector is relatively low. Our approach is based on the aggregation of the preferences of individuals who choose among (i) working in the formal sector,(ii) working in the informal sector, and (iii) not working. We quantify the effects of different tax policies on the individual's labor supply choices (formal/informal employment, work/leisure) and at the macro level (GDP, equilibrium wages, size of the informal sector, and unemployment rate). We further analyze the effects in terms of income distribution, poverty and inequality. We find that the introduction of a negative income tax system reduces inequality and poverty but, at the same time, discourages people from participating in the labor market and working in the formal sector and, consequently worsens the equitye efficiency trade-off. We find however that the equity-efficiency trade-off can be improved by introducing (i) a (revenue-neutral) tax system which combines a sufficiently high at rate (25%) and lump-sum transfer paid only to formal workers; (ii) an expansionary policy (a reduction in total taxes or an increase in public expenditures). Interestingly, even though they increase the informal sector, these reforms reduce inequality and poverty through a reduction in the level of unemployment.
Classification-JEL
J22, H24, O17, C68.
Mot(s) clé(s)
Tax Reform, Informal Sector, Labor Supply, CGE Model, Microsimulation, South Africa.
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2014-30 "To be a Mother, or not to be? Career and Wage Ladder in Italy and the UK"

Eliane El Badaoui, Eleonora Matteazzi

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Abstract
This paper examines the extent to which motherhood affects women's career accomplishments and wages in Italy and the UK. Using the EU-SILC 2009 data, a decomposition of the motherhood wage gap is implemented after accounting for double selection in labor market participation and motherhood. We find evidence of a negative correlation between labor market and fertility decisions. The results show that motherhood has no adverse effects on women's career path in Italy, and that job segregation explains most of the motherhood wage gap in the UK. Empirical findings suggest that the timing of motherhood and job continuity affect significantly the female wage profile.
Classification-JEL
C34, J21, J24, J31.
Mot(s) clé(s)
Motherhood, Labor market participation, Wage gap, Career.
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2014-12 "The Impact of Internal Migration on Local Labour Markets in Thailand"

Eliane El Badaoui, Eric Strobl, Frank Walsh

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Abstract
We estimate the impact of internal migration on local labour markets in Thailand. Using an instrumental variable approach based on weather and distance we estimate
an exogenous measure of the net migration in ow into each region. Our results show that instrumenting for the possible endogeneity of net inward migration is crucial to
the analysis. The results suggest substantial adjustments in hours worked and weekly wages in response to short term changes in labour supply for low skilled males. We
find no effect on high skilled workers. A theoretical section shows that a reduction in hours per worker in response to an increase in inward migration is consistent with the
predictions of a standard search model.
Classification-JEL
O15, J10
Mot(s) clé(s)
Internal migration, Labour markets, Thailand
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