Photo Messaoud Zouikri

Messaoud Zouikri

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  • Email
  • Tél. professionnel 0140977856
  • Bureau à Paris Nanterre (Bât. + num.) G610C
  • Research group

      Droit, Institutions, Règlementation et Interactions Stratégiques

  • Theme(s)
    • Entrepreneuriat, croissance et innovation
    • Politiques publiques
    • Entrée et sortie des firmes
    • Développement local

2018-37 "Compétences externes et innovation: le cas des firmes de l'industrie manufacturière algérienne"

Mounir Amdaoud, Messaoud Zouikri

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Abstract
This paper addresses an hypothesis on the contribution of the external capabilities to
the birth of the innovation activity within the firm. The econometric analysis
conducted on a sample of Algerian manufacturing entreprises,
allowed to highlight four robust results which remain significant and stable after
adjustment by various indicators. The main result is that the development of different
firm capabilities was not exclusively originated from an edogenous effort, but also induced by an
exogenous shock resulting from participating to the upgraded firms' program financially
supported by the Algerian government and the European Union. Furthermore,
the improvement of human resources competencies, the use of ICT and the
compliance to performance criteria explain significantly
firm engagement differences in the product innovation activity.
The R&D and firm size as traditional factors seem not to be significant
predictors of innovation capacity in the present case.
Classification-JEL
O32, D22, C34
Mot(s) clé(s)
external capabilities, innovation capacity, human capital, Algerian manufacturing industry, recursive equation system
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2013-18 "Dynamique des territoires et création d’entreprises : une analyse des départements français en 2008. Local dynamics and firms creation: an analysis of French departments in 2008."

Denis Carré, Nadine Levratto, Messaoud Zouikri

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Abstract
This paper seeks to determine if and to what extent the territory can be considered as an explanatory factor of the firms’ creation. This possibility is backed up by the fact that the territory is first of all support of infrastructures, resources and organizations. It is also the place where more invisible elements and an entrepreneurial atmosphere take place and also influence new business dynamics. The novelty of the approach lies in the comparison between the explanatory power of these various elements taken separately and the geographical effect resulting from the use of the shift-share analysis. The approach is applied to the creation of new companies in the French departments. It shows that beside the usual factors related to the characteristics of the population and the structures, the intrinsic dynamics of the territory is an explanatory factor of the entrepreneurial performance and that its influence varies according to the activity of the entering companies.
Classification-JEL
L26, M13, R12
Mot(s) clé(s)
firm creation, French departments, invisible factors, shift-share
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2011-36 "Small, alone and poor: a merciless portrait of insolvent French firms, 2007-2010"

Nadine Levratto, Luc Tessier, Messaoud Zouikri

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Abstract
This empirical paper investigates the path to bankruptcy for a sample of French firms in default, in particular the decision to file a petition for bankruptcy, the arbitrage between rescuing and liquidation and the effective survival. The procedure is depicted as a sequence of three steps in which judges play a crucial role as they decide whether a company is insolvent or not and determine whether an insolvent company deserves to be rescued or, on the contrary, should be liquidated, the market having the last word since the effective success depends on the capability of the firm to recover from the judicial proceedings. We test different hypotheses about the variables influencing each possibility which include i) the role of the market in the firm's health, ii) the influence of financial structures, iii) the importance of corporate governance and iv) the inherent corporate factors of probable survival. Using three linked LOGIT models, our first finding is that the probability to default depends mainly on the market. Secondly the probability to be rescued depends essentially on the financial structure. Finally, the probability for the firm to remain in business in the long term is largely influenced by the market and profitability. Our results also support the idea that governance, size and resources are the main determinants of exit from the market or success of any company.
Classification-JEL
D20, G32, G33, K20
Mot(s) clé(s)
Insolvency, bankruptcy, firm default, financial indicators, size, logit models.
File

2010-28 "The determinants of growth for SMEs. A longitudinal study from French manufacturing firms"

Nadine Levratto, Luc Tessier, Messaoud Zouikri

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Abstract
This paper investigates the structural and strategic determinants of firm growth using a unique data set for French firms employing between 10 and 250 employees in 1997 and active over the period 1997-2007. Starting from the idea that firm growth is not only a random process but that some regularities may be emphasized, we consider a growth model that combines different elements presented as determinant in the firm’s growth path. Results based on two families of multinomial logit model do not confirm the conclusions about the exclusive role played by the previous size. In addition, thanks to the references to legal structure, market share and localization, one observes these variables shape strongly the individual growth path. However environment and structural elements are not the only elements to focus on in order to provide an explanation of the employment growth rate at the firm level. Strategic factors matter too. In particular we demonstrate the crucial role of labor costs and financial structure as explanatory variables of firm growth.
Classification-JEL
L25, C1, D22
Mot(s) clé(s)
Firm growth; SMEs; Gibrat’s law; French manufacturing; multinomial logistic regression
File

2010-11 "Analyse comparée de la productivité des firmes européennes à partir de données comptables: L'effet pays en cause"

Denis Carré, Nadine Levratto, Messaoud Zouikri

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Abstract
This paper aims at measuring the productivity gap between firms located in six European countries over the period 1996-2007 and to provide some explanations of the observed differences. Our approach is original for two reasons. Firstly the value added and the productivity are valued from the BACH database that proposes harmonized balance sheets. Secondly, we take into account the influence of environment and institutional factors on the firms' performance thanks to the use of a fixed effects panel data model that allows to assess the unobserved heterogeneity in a sample. This analysis is made at the national level for the whole economy, for three industries (manufacturing industry, construction and services) and for three groups of size (small, medium and large). The results allow to highlight the existence of different productive configurations attested by the different levels of firms' productivity according to size or industry. They also point out a «country effect» that embeds a set of organizational and institutional elements besides production factors.
Classification-JEL
C23, O47, P17
Mot(s) clé(s)
productivity, BACH database, country effects
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