Photo Eliane El Badaoui

Eliane El Badaoui

Maître de conférences
  • Email
  • Tél. professionnel 0140977825
  • Bureau à Paris Nanterre (Bât. + num.) G508B
  • Axe de recherche

      Droit, Institutions, Règlementation et Interactions Stratégiques

  • Thème(s)
    • Economie du développement
    • Microéconométrie appliquée
    • Economie du travail
    • Economie de la famille

2019-1 "Fostering, Child Welfare, and Ethnic Cultural Values"

Eliane El Badaoui, Lucia Mangiavacchi

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Résumé
Cet article examine les effets du confiage sur l'offre de travail et la scolarisation des enfants dans les familles d'accueil au Niger. L'accent est mis sur le rôle des valeurs et des comportements culturels hérités du groupe ethnique dans la perpétuation du confiage. Nous spécifions un modèle d'équations simultanées avec trois variables endogènes pour les enfants (la fréquentation scolaire, les heures de travail sur le marché et les heures de travail domestique) et une variable de traitement (le confiage). Les résultats montrent que les enfants confiés sont susceptibles de fréquenter plus l'école et d'avoir de plus longues heures de travail domestique que les enfants biologiques. L’analyse par genre révèle que le confiage se fait plutôt dans l’objectif d'une scolarisation pour les garçons et d’une plus grande participation aux tâches domestiques pour les filles. Nous fournissons des effets hétérogènes pour différents échantillons et nous testons la robustesse des résultats à différentes spécifications empiriques. Dans l'ensemble, les valeurs et les comportements ethniques hérités jouent un rôle important dans l'analyse du phénomène de confiage.
Classification-JEL
J13; J22; O12; C34
Mot(s) clé(s)
Confiage; Culture; Travail des enfants; Travail domestique; Scolarisation; Niger
Fichier

2015-22 "Tax Policies and Informality in South Africa"

Eliane El Badaoui, Riccardo Magnani

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Résumé
We use a micro-macro simulation model to evaluate the effects of labor income tax policies in South Africa. The country is characterized by a high unemployment rate while employment in the informal sector is relatively low. Our approach is based on the aggregation of the preferences of individuals who choose among (i) working in the formal sector,(ii) working in the informal sector, and (iii) not working. We quantify the effects of different tax policies on the individual's labor supply choices (formal/informal employment, work/leisure) and at the macro level (GDP, equilibrium wages, size of the informal sector, and unemployment rate). We further analyze the effects in terms of income distribution, poverty and inequality. We find that the introduction of a negative income tax system reduces inequality and poverty but, at the same time, discourages people from participating in the labor market and working in the formal sector and, consequently worsens the equitye efficiency trade-off. We find however that the equity-efficiency trade-off can be improved by introducing (i) a (revenue-neutral) tax system which combines a sufficiently high at rate (25%) and lump-sum transfer paid only to formal workers; (ii) an expansionary policy (a reduction in total taxes or an increase in public expenditures). Interestingly, even though they increase the informal sector, these reforms reduce inequality and poverty through a reduction in the level of unemployment.
Classification-JEL
J22, H24, O17, C68.
Mot(s) clé(s)
Tax Reform, Informal Sector, Labor Supply, CGE Model, Microsimulation, South Africa.
Fichier

2014-30 "To be a Mother, or not to be? Career and Wage Ladder in Italy and the UK"

Eliane El Badaoui, Eleonora Matteazzi

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Résumé
This paper examines the extent to which motherhood affects women's career accomplishments and wages in Italy and the UK. Using the EU-SILC 2009 data, a decomposition of the motherhood wage gap is implemented after accounting for double selection in labor market participation and motherhood. We find evidence of a negative correlation between labor market and fertility decisions. The results show that motherhood has no adverse effects on women's career path in Italy, and that job segregation explains most of the motherhood wage gap in the UK. Empirical findings suggest that the timing of motherhood and job continuity affect significantly the female wage profile.
Classification-JEL
C34, J21, J24, J31.
Mot(s) clé(s)
Motherhood, Labor market participation, Wage gap, Career.
Fichier

2014-12 "The Impact of Internal Migration on Local Labour Markets in Thailand"

Eliane El Badaoui, Eric Strobl, Frank Walsh

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Résumé
We estimate the impact of internal migration on local labour markets in Thailand. Using an instrumental variable approach based on weather and distance we estimate
an exogenous measure of the net migration in ow into each region. Our results show that instrumenting for the possible endogeneity of net inward migration is crucial to
the analysis. The results suggest substantial adjustments in hours worked and weekly wages in response to short term changes in labour supply for low skilled males. We
find no effect on high skilled workers. A theoretical section shows that a reduction in hours per worker in response to an increase in inward migration is consistent with the
predictions of a standard search model.
Classification-JEL
O15, J10
Mot(s) clé(s)
Internal migration, Labour markets, Thailand
Fichier
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